In accordance with the same author, this type of dominant mentality adjusted fully the interests without limits, does not open space for the reality and nor for the understanding of the conditions of production of the knowledge he is to foresee the fatality of the destinations of the collective one to be lead solely for that really they have access to the world of the knowledge. For Cortella (2008) to guarantee the right of the individual to the education it is to assume a very bigger responsibility that to assure to each one the reading possibility, of the writing and the calculation; it is to guarantee to all the full development of its mental functions and the moral acquisitions of the knowledge and values that correspond to the exercise of these functions in the adaptation of the social life. In these hodiernos times, according to Bobbio (1992), that if it constitutes the society of the knowledge, notices that in the distance between rich poor persons and it also increases because of the access to available knowledge and to the new forms of language that need a proper socialization. The declaration and the guarantee of a right become essential, with one strong elitist tradition and that traditionally they reserve only to the privileged layers the access to this corporate property. To declare is to remove of the esquecimento and to proclaim to that they do not know that they continue to be carrying of an important right. Of this the necessary collection of this right results when it is not respected. Brazil recognizes basic education as a right of all since 1934 and in the Constitution of it recognizes it to 1988 as subjective public law. In 1967, basic education (primary) passes of four for eight years obligator. It is obligator, gratuitous and who will not have had access to this stage of the escolaridade can appeal to justice and demand its vacant.